Demonology
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Roman marble sculpture of Agathodaemon restored with an unrelated head, as "Antinous Agathodaemon", purchased in Rome ca. 1760, (Staatliche Museen, Berlin)

The mythology of the Agathos Daimon or Agathodaemon (Greek: ἀγαθὸς δαίμων, "noble spirit") began back in Egypt; however, it is a Greek word. Its name translates to mean "the good god" or "good divinity." It was believed that every person was born with two personal, invisible guardians, the Agathodemons and the Cacodaemons. Agathodemons were said to be their good-natured protectors and Cacodaemons were their evil counterparts. Each demon encouraged its own impulses. Agathodemons are most often depicted as a snake with a human head, but on occasion they have been shown as a young man holding a basket full of ears of corn.

Agathodemons are most powerful on the first day after a new moon, a time when they are to be remembered for the duty they perform. They are given tribute daily and it is shown by the consumption of a glass of wine after a meal has been eaten. Agathodemons are the symbolic reminder to live a moral life and to always seek to improve oneself. The only time one of them would ever attack a person is if they were attempting to destroy a vineyard that was under their protection.

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